Women’s Holocaust History: Secondary Sources

This is a selection of Academic Holocaust texts, which are either written by women or are specifically about the experience of women in the Holocaust. Texts which are available online are listed by website rather than original publication.

Judith Buber Agassi, Jewish Women Prisoners of Ravensbruck: Who Were They? (One World, 2007)

Elizabeth R. Baer & Myrna Goldenberg, eds.. Experience and Expression: Women, the Nazis, and the Holocaust, (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2003)

Judith Tydor Baumel, Double Jeopardy: Gender and the Holocaust, (London: Vallentin Mitchell, 1998)

Gail Ivy Berlin, “The Canada ‘Commando’ as a Force for Resistance in Auschwitz: Redefining Heroism,” in Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own, edited by Judy Cohen,

Gisela Bock, “Antinatalism, Maternity and Paternity in National Socialist Racism” in Nazism and German Society, 1933-1945, edited by David Crew, pp.110-140, (London: Routledge, 1994)

Rachel Feldhay Brenner, Writing as Resistance, Four Women Confronting the Holocaust, (Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania University State Press, 1997)

Renate Bridenthal, Atina Grossmann & Marion Kaplan, When Biology Became Destiny: Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1984)

Inga Clenndinnen, Reading the Holocaust, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999)

Tim Cole, “A Gendered Holocaust?: The Experiences of ‘Jewish’ Men and Women in Hungary, 1944,” in Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own,

Rhonda Copelon, “Surfacing Gender: Reengraving Crimes Against Women in Humanitarian Law” in Women and War in the Twentieth Century: Enlisted or Without Consent, edited by Nicole Ann Dombrowski, pp.332-359, (New York: Garland Publishers Inc, 1999)

Cara De Silva, In Memory’s Kitchen: a Legacy from the Women of Terezin, translated by Bianca Steiner Brown, (New Jersey: Jason Aronsen Inc., 1996)

Karin Doerr, “Holocaust Survivors and the German Language: Women Remember,” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own

Karin Doerr, “Memories of History – Women and the Holocaust”, Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Deborah Dwork, “Agents, Contexts, Responsibilities: The Massacre at Budy”, in Catastrophe and Meaning: The Holocaust and the Twentieth Century, edited by Moishe Postone & Eric Santer, (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2003)

Yasmine Ergas, “Growing up Banished: A Reading of Anne Frank and Etty Hillesum” in Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars, Margaret Randolph, Higgonet, Jane Jenson et al., pp. 84-95, (Yale University Press: New Haven,1987)

Peter Erspamer, “Women Before Hell’s Gate: Survivors of the Holocaust and their Memories,” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Jonathan C Friedman, Speaking the Unspeakable: Essays on Sexuality, Gender and Holocaust Survivor Memory, (University Press of America, 2002)

Esther Fuchs, Women and the Holocaust: Narrative and Representation, Studies in the Shoah, vol.XXIII, (Lanham: University Press of America, 1999)

Myrna Goldenberg, “Different Horrors, Same Hell: Women Remembering the Holocaust”, in Thinking the Unthinkable: Meanings of the Holocaust, edited by Roger Gottlieb, pp.150-166, (New York: Paulist Press, 1990)

Myrna Goldenberg, “Testimony, Narrative, and Nightmare: The Experiences of Jewish Women in the Holocaust” in Active Voices, Women in Jewish Culture, edited by Maurie Sachs, pp.94-106, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995)

Myrna Goldenberg, “Lessons Learned from Gentle Heroism: Women’s Holocaust Narratives” in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science: The Holocaust: Remembering for the Future, vol. 548, pp.78-93, (Thousand Oaks & London: SAGE Periodicals Press, November 1996)

Myrna Goldenberg, “From A World Beyond: Women in the Holocaust’, Feminist Studies, p.667-687 (vol. 22, no. 3, 1996)

Myrna Goldenberg, “Sex, Rape, and Survival: Jewish Women and the Holocaust,” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Atina Grossmann, “A Question of Silence: The Rape of German Women by Soviet Occupation Soldiers” in Women and War in the Twentieth Century: Enlisted or Without Consent, edited by Nicole Ann Dombrowski, pp. 162-183, (New York: Garland Publishers Inc, 1999)

Brigitte Halbmayr, “Sexualized Violence and Forced Prostitution in National Socialism” in Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Anna Hardman, Women and Holocaust, Holocaust Educational Trust Research Papers, (vol. 1, no. 3, 1999 – 2000)

Anna Hardman, “Representations of the Holocaust in Women’s Testimonies” in The Holocaust and the Text: Speaking the Unspeakable, edited by Andrew Leak & George Paizis, (Great Britain: MacMillan Press, 2000)

Elizabeth Heineman, “Sexuality and Nazism: The Doubly Unspeakable?”, Journal of the History of Sexuality, p. 22 –46, (vol. 11, no. 1/2, Jan/April 2002)

Marlene E. Heinemann, Gender and Destiny Women Writers and the Holocaust, (New York: Greenwood Press, 1986)

Esther Hertzog, Life, Death and Sacrifice: Women and Family in the Holocaust, (Gefen Books, 2006)

Sara R. Horowitz, “Voices from the Killing Ground” in Holocaust Remembrance, The Shapes of Memory, edited by Geoffrey H. Hartman, pp. 42- 58, (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1994)

Sara R. Horowitz, “Memory and Testimony of Women Survivors of Nazi Genocide” in Women of the Word: Jewish Women and Jewish Writing, edited by Judith R. Baskin, pp.258-282, (Detroit: Wayne University Press, 1994)

Sara R. Horowitz, Voicing the Void, Muteness and Memory in Holocaust Fiction, (Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1997)

Sara R. Horowitz, “Gender, Genocide, and Jewish Memory,” in Prooftexts, (Vol. 20, no. 1-2, Winter/Spring 2000)

Margaret-Anne Hutton, Testimony from the Nazi Camps: French Women’s Voices, (London: Routledge, 2005)

Marion Kaplan, Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998)

Felicja Karay, Death Comes in Yellow, Skarzysko-Kamienna Slave Labor Camp, translated from the Hebrew by Sara Kitai, (The Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1996)

Mary D. Lagerway, Reading Auschwitz. (Walnut Creek, California: Altamira Press, A Division of Sage Publications, Inc., 1998)

Ronit Lentin, “Introduction: (En)gendering Genocides” in Gender and Catastrophe, edited by Ronit Lentin, pp.2-17, (London: Zed Books, 1997)

R. Ruth Linden, Making Stories, Making Selves: Feminist Reflections on the Holocaust, (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1993)

R. Ruth Linden, “Troubling Categories I can’t Think Without: Reflections on Women in the Holocaust” in Contemporary Jewry, vol.17 p.18-33, (1996)

R. Ruth Linden, “Deportations and Discoursive Displacement”, Sociological Review Online, (vol. 2, no. 2, 1999)

Joy Erlichman Miller, Love Carried Me Home: Women Surviving Auschwitz, (Florida:Simcha Press, 2000)

Dalia Ofer and Lenore J. Weitzman: eds. Women in the Holocaust, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998

Dalia Ofer, “Her View Through My Lens: Cecilia Slepak Studies in the Warsaw Ghetto” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Dalia Ofer, “Women in the Jewish Resistance to Nazi Occupation” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Laura Palosuo, “The Holocaust in Hungary: The Importance of Gender, Age and Geography for the Jewish Experience,” Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Katalin Pesci, “Women’s Voices in Hungarian Holocaust Literature,” in Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

Andrea Reiter, Narrating the Holocaust, translated by Patrick Camiller, (London, Continuum, 2000, 1995)

Andrea Reiter, “The Holocaust as Seen through the eyes of Children” in The Holocaust and the Text: Speaking the Unspeakable edited by Andrew Leak & George Paizis, (Great Britain: MacMillan Press, 2000)

Karen Remmler, ‘Gender Identities and the Remembrance of the Holocaust’, Women in German Yearbook, pp. 167-187, (vol. 10, 1994)

Joan M. Ringelheim, & Esther Katz, ed., Proceedings of the Conference on Women Surviving: The Holocaust, (New York: The Institute for Research in History, 1983)

Joan Ringelheim, “The Unethical and the Unspeakable: Women and the Holocaust” in Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual, vol.1, p. 69-87, (Simon Wiesenthal Center, 1984)

Joan Ringelheim, “Women and the Holocaust: A Reconsideration of Research” in Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 741-761, (University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1984-1985)

Joan Ringelheim, “Thoughts about Women and the Holocaust” in Thinking the Unthinkable: Meanings of the Holocaust, edited by Roger S. Gottlieb, pp.141-149, (Paulist Press: New York. 1993)

Joan Ringelheim, “Genocide and Gender: A Split Memory” in Gender and Catastrophe, edited by Ronit Lentin, pp.18-33, (London: Zed Books, 1997)

Carol Rittner & John K. Roth, Different Voices: Women and the Holocaust, (Minnesota:Paragon House, 1993)

Rochelle Saidel, The Jewish Women of Ravensbrück Concentration Camp, (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004)

Rochelle Saidel & Sonja M Hedgepeth, Sexual Violence against Jewish Women During the Holocaust, (Brandeis Press, 2010)

Claudia Schoppmann, “Nationalist Socialist Policies Towards Female Homosexuals,” translated by Elizabeth Harvey in German History: power, agency, and experience from the sixteenth to the twentieth century edited by Lynn Abrams & Elizabeth Harvey (London: UCL Press, 1996)

Claudia Schoppmann, “The Position of Lesbian Women in the Nazi Period” translated by Patrick Camillar in Günter Grau, Hidden Holocaust? Gay and Lesbian Persecution in Germany, 1933-45 (London: Cassill, 1993)

Paula Schwartz, “Redefining Resistance: Women’s Activism in Wartime France” in Behind the Lines Gender and the Two World Wars, edited by Margaret Randolph Higgonet, Jane Jenson et al., (Yale University Press: New Haven. 1987)

Bea Stadtler, “Jewish Women In the Holocaust Resistance” in Holocaust Literature: A Handbook of Critical, Historical, and Literary Writings, edited by Saul Friedman, pp. 176-193, (Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1993)

Arlene Stein, “Anne Frank and the American Culture War: The Sexual Politics of Holocaust Memory” in Remembering for the Future: The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide edited by John K. Roth & E. Maxwell, (MacMillan, 2001)

Sarah Silberstein Swartz &; Margie Wolfe, From Memory to Transformation: Jewish Women’s Voices, (Canada: Second Story Press, 1998)

Nechama Tec, ‘Women in the Forest,’ Contemporary Jewry, (v.17, 1996)

Nechama Tec, Resilience and Courage: Women, Men and the Holocaust, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003)

Annemarie Troger, “German Women’s memories of World War Two” in Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars, edited by Margaret Randolph Higgonet, Jane Jenson et al., (Yale University Press: New Haven. 1987)

Zoë Waxman, “Unheard Testimony, Untold Stories: the representation of women’s Holocaust experiences”, Women’s History Review, (vol. 12. no. 4, 2003)

Zoe Waxman, “Testimony and Representation”, in The Historiography of the Holocaust, edited by Dan Stone, p. 487-507, (Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004)

Zoe Waxman, Writing the Holocaust: Identity, Testimony, Representation, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Annette Wieriovka, “On Testimony” in Holocaust Remembrance: The Shapes of Memory edited by Geoffrey Hartman, p.23-32, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994)

Rebecca Elizabeth Wittmann, “Resistance Reconsidered: The Women of the Political Department at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own.

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